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climate change in nigeria: impacts and responses

Subhes Bhattacharyya. This is likely due to the need for much greater implementation of mitigation and adaption measures in Nigeria. JavaScript is disabled for your browser. The effects of climate change on even the smallest species can threaten ecosystems and other species across the food chain. Rainfall variation is projected to continue to increase. climate change mitigation and adaptation, adaptive capacity and capacity development). In order to minimize the negative impact of climate change on the ecosystems, water resources, socioeconomic domains, a number of adaptation measures are open to Nigeria. climate change on agriculture and adaptation responses, and mitigation of greenhouse gases from agriculture; outlines research undertaken and underway in other national and international research agencies; and highlights some of the knowledge gaps in the impacts of climate change on food production and the uncertainties of those impacts in a global context that warrant further research … Droughts have also become a constant in Nigeria, and are expected to continue in Northern Nigeria, arising from a decline in precipitation and rise in temperature (Amanchukwu et al., 2015; Olapido, 2010). Education is an essential element of the global response to climate change. This prompted this study that took a general overview of climate change impacts in Nigeria. Overall, however, scientists consider that most o… This rapid review synthesises evidence on the impact of climate change in Nigeria (geographic, sectoral, demographic and security impacts) and responses to address it (i.e. Mean annual and monthly temperature and rainfall data were collected from the Nigerian Meteorological … Institute of Development Studies (IDS). https://www.preventionweb.net/go/68975, Please note:Content is displayed as last posted by a PreventionWeb community member or editor. A PreventionWeb user, Climate change in Nigeria: Impacts and responses. While data on the global impacts of climate change is available, those at regional levels are scanty and scattered. On the other hand, women have unique knowledge and skills that can help make the response to climate change more effective and sustainable. Health: Climate change has serious implications for human health in Nigeria. Climate change adaptation is extremely important in Nigeria. Lake Chad and other lakes in the country are drying up and at risk of disappearing (Dioha and Emodi, 2018; Elisha et al., 2017). Mitigation – reducing climate change – involves reducing the flow of heat-trapping greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, either by reducing sources of these gases (for example, the burning of fossil fuels for electricity, heat or transport) or enhancing the “sinks” that accumulate and store these gases (such as the oceans, forests and soil). Although it has far-reaching consequences for humanity, attention to climate change impacts on the ocean lags behind concern for impacts on the atmosphere and land. Haider, H. (2019). See My collections to name and share your collection The full relationship between fisheries and climate change is difficult to explore due to the context of each fishery and the many pathways that climate change affects. Justin Udie. to the effects of climate change, which could, in turn, exacerbate existing gender disparities. Through its Climate Change Education for Sustainable Development programme, UNESCO aims to make climate change education There are a few comprehensive reports and papers that provide useful evidence and discussion of the various impacts of climate change throughout Nigeria. See our terms of Some of these health impacts would be beneficial. The nine distinct cases of physical climate risk in various geographies and sectors that we examine, including direct impact and knock-on effects, as well as adaptation costs and strategies, help illustrate the specific socioeconomic impact of the different physical climate hazards on the examined human, physical, or natural system (Exhibit 5). The durations and intensities of rainfall have increased, producing large runoffs and flooding in many places in Nigeria (Enete IC, 2014). However, there is strong global evidence for these effects. In addition, while there is some discussion about necessary capacity building at the individual, group and community level to engage in climate change responses, there is much less attention given to higher levels of capacity at the state and national level. Precipitation in southern areas is expected to rise and rising sea levels are expected to exacerbate flooding and submersion of coastal lands. The country’s Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) made under the Paris Agreement embodies the country’s efforts to reduce national emissions and to adapt to the effects of climate change. Brighton, UK: Institute of Development Studies Nigeria’s climate has been changing, evident in: increases in temperature; variable rainfall; rise in sea level and flooding; drought and desertification; land degradation; more frequent extreme weather events; affected fresh water resources and loss of biodiversity (see: Elisha et al., 2017; Ebele and Emodi, 2016; Olaniyi et al., 2013). Lake Chad and other lakes in the country are drying up and at risk of disappearing. responses in agriculture can only be achieved within the ecologic, economic and social sustainability goals set forth by the World Food Summit, the Millennium Development Goals and the UNFCCC. In Nigeria, in addition to autonomous adaptation, there must also … Leticia Ozawa-Meida. Whereas many regions are likely to experience the adverse effects of climate change--some of which are potentially irreversible--some effects of climate change are likely to be beneficial. Climate projections for the coming decades reveal a significant increase in temperature over all the ecological zones. South Africa’s response to climate change has two objectives: • Effectively manage inevitable climate change impacts through interventions that build and sustain South The National Climate Change Response Strategy (NCCRS), also referred to as the ‘Strategy’, is the culmination of a year-long process to develop a comprehensive and concerted suite of strategies to respond to the challenges climate change is posing to Kenya’s socioeconomic development. climate change mitigation and adaptation, adaptive capacity and capacity development). Source(s):  Climate change includes both the global warming driven by human emissions of greenhouse gases, and the resulting large-scale shifts in weather patterns. Climate change in Nigeria: Impacts and responses. Temperature has risen significantly since the 1980s (Enete IC, 2014, 234; Federal Ministry of Environment, 2014). We seek to build an epistemic community where we can make linkages across disciplinary, geographic, and cultural boundaries. The most common manifestations of climate change in Nigeria are changes in precipitation and temperature, with the latter reported to have been above normal since 1979 (Ojo 2008). This is commendable considering it is one of the top six greenhouse gas emitters in Africa. Integrating Analytic Hierarchy Process in Assessing the Criticality of Vulnerable Oil and Gas Infrastructure to Climate Change Impacts in the Niger Delta. Serial Founded: 2009 climate change mitigation and adaptation, adaptive capacity and capacity development). The goal of mitigation is to avoid significant human interference with the climate system, an… Hundreds of millions of people may be at risk of climate-related poverty, especially in developing countries, if the global economy does not cut greenhouse gas emissions, a UN report warned in October. This is likely due to the need for much greater implementation of mitigation and adaption measures in Nigeria. Temperature has risen significantly since the 1980s. 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