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[98] The adoption of Portuguese as an official language was the primary requirement to apply for CPLP acceptance. There is also the documentary The Writer From a Country Without Bookstores,[123] that has still to be internationally premiered. For years, the official languages were Spanish (the local variant is Equatoguinean Spanish) and French. The city of Malabo founded by the British in 1827 became the country’s capital in 1969 replacing Bata. Forestry, farming, and fishing are also major components of GDP. In 2011, the government announced it was planning a new capital for the country, named Oyala. 2017.05.20: Fr. [28], By 1870 the prognosis of whites that lived on the island was much improved after recommendations that they live in the highlands, and by 1884 much of the minimal administrative machinery and key plantations had moved to Basile hundreds of meters above sea level. It is the location of Bata, Equatorial Guinea's largest city, and Ciudad de la Paz, the country's planned future capital. [20] The main island's rainy climate, extreme humidity and temperature swings took a major toll on European settlers from the beginning, and it would be centuries before attempts restarted. Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International among other non-governmental organizations have documented severe human rights abuses in prisons, including torture, beatings, unexplained deaths and illegal detention. Due to epidemics Spain did not invest much in the colony, and in 1862 an outbreak of yellow fever killed many of the whites that had settled on the island. [120] There are two newspapers and two magazines. [65] However, human rights abuses have continued. Equatorial Guinea at the Summer Olympics; Equatorial Guinea women's football team at the FIFA Women's World Cup; Past sporting events hosted in Equatorial Guinea. [42] Macias Nguema further consolidated his totalitarian powers by outlawing opposition political parties in July 1970 and making himself president for life in 1972. The vote on the constitution was taken though neither the text or its content was revealed to the public before the vote. During the electoral contest, the ruling party hosted internal elections which were later scrapped as none of the president's favorite candidates led the internal lists. Everyone wants to party hard for New Year's Eve 2020 - and there's loads of events in Equatorial Guinea. The tension may be rooted in a power shift arising from the dramatic increase in oil production which has occurred since 1997. Much of his campaigning involved visiting rural areas of Río Muni and promising young Fang that they would have the houses and wives of the Spanish if they voted for him. Las comunidades de la eda del hierro en África Centro-Occidental: cultura material e identidad, Tesi Doctoral, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid. [110], Equatorial Guinea's innovative malaria programs in the early 21st century achieved success in reducing malaria infection, disease, and mortality. [58], According to a March 2004 BBC profile,[59] politics within the country were dominated by tensions between Obiang's son, Teodoro Nguema Obiang Mangue, and other close relatives with powerful positions in the security forces. Spain's decision to abolish slavery in 1817 at British insistence damaged the colony's perceived value to the authorities and so leasing naval bases was an effective revenue earner from an otherwise unprofitable possession. The current president, who took power in a military coup that deposed his uncle, has led a highly repressive authoritarian regime since 1979. The authorities in Equatorial Guinea must immediately end a draconian clampdown on freedom of expression taking place ahead of an African Union summit in the capital Malabo on 23 June, Amnesty International said today. [95] Equatorial Guinea received Asians and native Africans from other countries as workers on cocoa and coffee plantations. Discover all the events organized in Equatorial Guinea. [citation needed], During the four decades of his rule, Obiang has shown little tolerance for opposition. The principal means of communication within Equatorial Guinea are 3 state-operated FM radio stations. In fact, during the period from 1997 to 2001, the country experienced an average GDP growth of 41.6% per year. 2% of the population follows Islam (mainly Sunni). 2012 African Cup of Nations - co-hosted with Gabon; 2015 Africa Cup of Nations; Upcoming sporting events in Equatorial Guinea. Keep in Touch. [114] There are now 51 model schools whose active pedagogy will be a national reform. The MPP called for a peaceful protest at the Plaza de la Mujer square on 15 May. Like all previous elections, this was denounced by the opposition and it too was won by Obiang's PDGE. Due to historical and cultural ties, in 2010 the legislature amended article four of the Constitution of Equatorial Guinea, to establish Portuguese as an official language of the Republic. The insular region consists of the islands of Bioko (formerly Fernando Pó) in the Gulf of Guinea and Annobón, a small volcanic island which is the only part of the country south of the equator. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. All the same, measures to improve education floundered and like in the Democratic Republic of Congo by the end of colonial rule the number of Africans in higher education was in only the double digits, and political education necessary to a functioning state was negligible. [57] Since August 1979 some 12 real and perceived unsuccessful coup attempts have occurred. The Republic of Equatorial Guinea is a country in Central Africa. [68], Obiang was re-elected to serve an additional term in 2009 in an election the African Union deemed "in line with electoral law". The country also exported coffee, cocoa, and timber to European countries. On the night of 24 June, the CPDS headquarters in Malabo were surrounded by heavily armed police officers to keep those inside from leaving and thus effectively blocking the protest. Alerts and Messages for U.S. visitors to Equatorial Guinea. It is one of the smallest countries in continental Africa, and comprises two regions: a Continental Region (Ro Muni); and an Insular Region containing Annobn island, Bioko island (formerly Fernando Po) where the capital of Malabo is situated, and several offshore islands like Corisco. Pygmies probably once lived in the continental region that is now Equatorial Guinea, but are today found only in isolated pockets in southern Río Muni. China and Cuba also gave different forms of financial, military, and technical assistance to Equatorial Guinea, which got them a measure of influence there. Brigadier Felipe José, Count of Arjelejos sailed from Uruguay to formally take possession of Bioko from Portugal, landing on the island on 21 October 1778. [115], In June 1984, the First Hispanic-African Cultural Congress was convened to explore the cultural identity of Equatorial Guinea. Their efforts resulted in a reduction in all-cause under-five mortality from 152 to 55 deaths per 1,000 live births (down 64%), a sharp drop that coincided with the launch of the program. Equatorial Guinea vs. Libya - 15 November 2020 - Soccerway. Bantu migrations started probably around 2,000 BC from between south-east Nigeria and north-west Cameroon (the Grassfields). Noncreolized Portuguese is used as liturgical language by local Catholics. [72], In October 2012, during an interview with Christiane Amanpour on CNN, Obiang was asked whether he would step down at the end of the current term (2009–2016) since the new constitution limited the number of terms to two and he has been reelected at least 4 times. Due to malpractice however, the Liberian government eventually ended the treaty after embarrassing revelations about the state of Liberian workers on Fernando Pó in the Christy Report which brought down the country's president Charles D. B. [citation needed], In 2004 a plane load of suspected mercenaries was intercepted in Zimbabwe while allegedly on the way to overthrow Obiang. 2015. Despite its name, no part of the country's territory lies on the equator—it is in the northern hemisphere, except for the insular Annobón Province, which is about 155 km (96 mi) south of the equator. [70], In November 2011, a new constitution was approved. [4] There is one GSM mobile telephone operator, with coverage of Malabo, Bata, and several mainland cities. The remaining 5% practise Animism, Baháʼí, and other beliefs. [citation needed]. The other islands are … Latest news and breaking news from Equatorial Guinea: Ecuatorial Guinea, is a country located in Central Africa, with an area of 28,000 square kilometres (11,000 sq mi). [citation needed], The May 2013 elections were marked by a series of events including the popular protest planned by a group of activists from the MPP (Movement of Popular Protest) which included several social and political groups. Oil wealth and political power are concentrated in the hands of the president’s family. The Fortuna project, located in Block EG-27 (previously Block R), was awarded to Lukoil during the 2019 Equatorial Guinea Bid Round. This page was last edited on 13 December 2018, at 14:06. In 1940, an estimated 20% of the colony's cocoa production came from African-owned land, nearly all of it was in the hands of Fernandinos. Out of a population of 300,000, an estimated 80,000 were killed. Petro de Luanda moved last Saturday to the second stage of the race of access to the final phase of the African Champion Clubs Cup, after drawing 2-2 with Akonangui of Equatorial-Guinea. The government refused to extend the producing contract following the failure of the company to secure project funding. The Visa Waiver Program (VWP) allows citizens of participating countries* to travel to the United States without a visa for stays of 90 days or less, when they meet all requirements. [93] The largest ethnic group, the Fang, is indigenous to the mainland, but substantial migration to Bioko Island since the 20th century means the Fang population exceeds that of the earlier Bubi inhabitants. Mr Obiang, who is vice-president of Equatorial Guinea, arrived in Brazil on Friday on board a private jet. The deterioration of the rural economy under successive brutal regimes has diminished any potential for agriculture-led growth. [29], The eventual treaty of Paris in 1900 left Spain with the continental enclave of Rio Muni, a mere 26,000 km2 out of the 300,000 stretching east to the Ubangi river which the Spaniards had initially claimed. Equatorial Guinea holds regular elections, but the voting is neither free nor fair. Premier League … [38], Independence from Spain was gained on 12 October 1968 and the region became the Republic of Equatorial Guinea (the date is celebrated as the country's Independence Day[39]). Equatorial Guinea Weather. [16] They must have settled continental Equatorial Guinea around 500 BC at the latest. [32] Between 1914 and 1930, an estimated 10,000 Liberians went to Fernando Po under a labour treaty that was stopped altogether in 1930. Equatorial Guinea is divided into eight provinces. Click for weather forecast. In 2014 the South African-Dutch-Equatorial Guinean drama film Where the Road Runs Out was shot in the country. [106][107], In July 2012, the CPLP refused Equatorial Guinea full membership, primarily because of its continued serious violations of human rights. In addition, the country was told it must adopt political reforms allowing effective democracy and respect for human rights. Working their own small cocoa farms gave them a considerable degree of autonomy. Pushed into the interior of the island and decimated by alcohol addiction, venereal disease, smallpox, and sleeping sickness, the indigenous Bubi population of Bioko refused to work on plantations. Equatorial Guinea's government is authoritarian and has one of the worst human rights records in the world, consistently ranking among the "worst of the worst" in Freedom House's annual survey of political and civil rights. There is little popular music coming out of Equatorial Guinea. [4] The only telephone provider in Equatorial Guinea is Orange. Hanoi (VNA) – Vietnamese labourers in Equatorial Guinea must be brought home immediately, Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc requested at working session with the national steering committee for COVID-19 prevention and control in Hanoi on July 10. Matchday 16. The women's national team qualified for the 2011 World Cup in Germany. HISTORY OF EQUATORIAL GUINEA including Colonial rule, Independence. [104] The national parliament discussed this law in October 2011. [citation needed], The greatest constraint to economic development was a chronic shortage of labour. [33], The Spanish Civil War had a major impact on the colony. [23] Without Spanish permission, the British moved the headquarters of the Mixed Commission for the Suppression of Slave Traffic to Fernando Pó in 1827, before moving it back to Sierra Leone under an agreement with Spain in 1843. International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA) Strömsborg, SE-103 34 Stockholm, Sweden Tel: +46 8 698 37 00 The country ranks 144th on the 2019 Human Development Index,[12] with less than half the population having access to clean drinking water and 20% of children dying before the age of five. Acoustic guitar bands based on a Spanish model are the country's best-known indigenous popular tradition. ", "Equatorial Guinea, A trial with too many flaws", "USAID and the Republic of Equatorial Guinea Agree to Unique Partnership for Development", Organizational Reform & Institutional Capacity-Building, Equatorial Guinea | Amnesty International, Equatorial Guinea: Ignorance worth fistfuls of dollars, "Declaración de la Unión Africana, sobre la supervisión de los comicios electorales – Página Oficial de la Oficina de Información y Prensa de Guinea Ecuatorial", "UPDATE 1-Tang renamed as Equatorial Guinea PM | News by Country | Reuters", Ignacio Milam Tang, new Vice President of the Nation, Interview with President Teodoro Obiang of Equatorial Guinea, "Convocatorial de Manifestacion, 25 de Junio 2013", https://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/africa/gq-personnel.htm, "El Gobierno inicia sus actividades en Djibloho", "La Presidencia de la República sanciona dos nuevas leyes", "Equatorial Guinea government moves to new city in rainforest", https://www.britannica.com/place/Equatorial-Guinea/Plant-and-animal-life, "U.S. Oil Firms Entwined in Equatorial Guinea Deals", "Inner City Press / Finance Watch: "Follow the Money, Watchdog the Regulators, "OHADA.com: The business law portal in Africa", United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, "Formação de professores e programas televisivos introduzem português na Guiné-Equatorial", Obiang convierte al portugués en tercer idioma oficial para entrar en la Comunidad lusófona de Naciones, Oficina de Información y Prensa de Guinea Ecuatorial, Ministerio de Información, Cultura y Turismo, "El portugués será el tercer idioma oficial de la República de Guinea Ecuatorial", "Portuguese will be the third official language of the Republic of Equatorial Guinea", "S. E. Obiang Nguema Mbasogo clausura el Segundo Periodo Ordinario de Sesiones del pleno de la Cámara de Representantes del Pueblo", "Assinado termo de cooperação entre IILP e Guiné Equatorial", "Protocolo de Cooperação entre a Guiné-Equatorial e o IILP", "CPLP vai ajudar Guiné-Equatorial a "assimilar valores, "Nota informativa: Missão da CPLP à Guiné Equatorial", "International Religious Freedom Report for 2017", "Good news in malaria control... Now what? It consists of Río Muni (also known as Continental Equatorial Guinea), on the continent, and five islands (known collectively as insular Equatorial Guinea): Bioko (formerly Fernando Po), Corisco, Great Elobey (Elobey Grande), Little Elobey (Elobey Chico), and Annobón (Pagalu). [69] Obiang re-appointed Prime Minister Ignacio Milam Tang in 2010. There are also five shortwave radio stations. In what is now modern Equatorial Guinea, there are believed to originally have been pygmy inhabitants. BBC World Service, Radio France Internationale and Gabon-based Africa No 1 broadcast on FM in Malabo. Since the mid-1990s, Equatorial Guinea has become one of sub-Saharan Africa's largest oil producers. xYou must have proof of a negative coronavirus test taken within 48 hours prior to arrival, as well as proof of residency, employment, or business reason for visiting. Tourist attractions are the colonial quarter in Malabo, the southern part of the island Bioko where you can hike to the Iladyi cascades and to remote beaches to watch nesting turtles, Bata with its shoreline Paseo Maritimo and the tower of liberty, Mongomo with its basilica (the second largest Catholic church in Africa) and the new planned and built capital Ciudad de la Paz. Rights abuses have continued or tentative sites for the World Heritage List equatorial guinea events... But it quickly took on the nearby mainland in what is now Equatorial. 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